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详解安装配置proftpd搭建ftp服务器的教程

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发表于 2020-1-8 07:48 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

以前我们只知道在Linux下构建ftp服务器可以使用wuftp,现在看看上,几乎所有的人都使用proftpd,下面西部数码技术频道小编详解安装配置proftpd搭建ftp服务器的教程。旗胜站长目录





proftpd全称:Professional FTP daemon,是针对Wu-FTP的弱项而开发的,除了改进的安全性,还具备许多Wu-FTP没有的特点,能以Stand-alone、xinetd模式运行等。ProFTP已经成为继Wu-FTP之后最为流行的FTP服务器软件,越来越多的站点选用它构筑安全高效的FTP站点,ProFTP配置方便,并有MySQL和Quota模块可供选择,利用它们的完美结合可以实现非系统账号的管理和用户磁盘的限制。<摘抄百度百科>




本章通过下载源码的方式安装,可以到下载最新版本::www.proftpd.org




1、首先安装lrzsz方便拷贝文件到要搭建服务器的linux路径下






yum install lrzsz


2、上传文件解压




将下载完成的proftpd-1.3.6.tar.gz文件上传到指定路径,使用tar zxvf proftpd-1.3.6.tar.gz解压




3、由于使用源码安装,所以需要安装gcc编译环境






yum install gcc gcc-c++ autoconf automake


3、配置并制定安装和配置文件路径






.configure --prefix=usrlocalproftpd --sysconfdir=usrlocalproftpd


4、安装






make&make install


5、修改配置文件,限制匿名用户可以上传下载,但是不能删除(本章暂不详细描述权限控制部分内容)






vi usrlocalproftpdproftpd.conf

# This is a basic ProFTPD configuration file (rename it to
# 'proftpd.conf' for actual use. It establishes a single server
# and a single anonymous login. It assumes that you have a usergroup
# "nobody" and "ftp" for normal operation and anon.
ServerName           "Welcome to FTP Server"
ServerType           standalone
DefaultServer          on
# Port 21 is the standard FTP port.
Port              21
# Don't use IPv6 support by default.
UseIPv6             off
# Umask 022 is a good standard umask to prevent new dirs and files
# from being group and world writable.
Umask              022
# To prevent DoS attacks, set the maximum number of child processes
# to 30. If you need to allow more than 30 concurrent connections
# at once, simply increase this value. Note that this ONLY works
# in standalone mode, in inetd mode you should use an inetd server
# that allows you to limit maximum number of processes per service
# (such as xinetd).
MaxInstances          30
# Set the user and group under which the server will run.
User              nobody
Group              nobody
# To cause every FTP user to be "jailed" (chrooted) into their home
# directory, uncomment this line.
#DefaultRoot ~
# Normally, we want files to be overwriteable.
AllowOverwrite     on
IdentLookups      off
UseReverseDNS      off
# Bar use of SITE CHMOD by default

AllowAll

# A basic anonymous configuration, no upload directories. If you do not
# want anonymous users, simply delete this entire  section.

User             ftp
Group             ftp
# We want clients to be able to login with "anonymous" as well as "ftp"
UserAlias           anonymous ftp
# Limit the maximum number of anonymous logins
MaxClients          50
# We want 'welcome.msg' displayed at login, and '.message' displayed
# in each newly chdired directory.
DisplayLogin         welcome.msg
DisplayChdir         .message
# Limit WRITE everywhere in the anonymous chroot

  DenyAll



6、关闭防火墙






systemctl stop firewalld.service
systemctl disable firewalld.service


7、启动服务器






usrlocalproftpdsbinproftpd


查看进程是否已经启动






[root@localhost ~]# ps -ef |grep proftpd
nobody  1140   1 0 12:13 ?    00:00:00 proftpd: (accepting connections)
root   3182 2270 0 12:50 pts0  00:00:00 grep --color=auto proftpd 


8、添加到启动项避免每次重启后都需要手动启动






vi etcrc.drc.local
#!binbash
# THIS FILE IS ADDED FOR COMPATIBILITY PURPOSES
#
# It is highly advisable to create own systemd services or udev rules
# to run scripts during boot instead of using this file.
#
# In contrast to previous versions due to parallel execution during boot
# this script will NOT be run after all other services.
#
# Please note that you must run 'chmod +x etcrc.drc.local' to ensure
# that this script will be executed during boot.
touch varlocksubsyslocal
usrlocalproftpdsbinproftpd


由于在centos7中etcrc.drc.local的权限被降低了,所以需要加上可执行的权限:






chmod +x etcrc.drc.local


总结




以上所述是西部数码技术频道小编给大家详解安装配置proftpd搭建ftp服务器的教程,希望对大家有所帮助,如果大家有任何疑问请给我留言。

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